What Is Universal Product Code (UPC)?

TechDogs Avatar

If you've ever been to a supermarket, you've probably seen that little barcode on some products. The Universal Product Code (UPC), also known as "Universal Product Identification Code" or simply "barcode," The Universal Product Code (UPC) is a 12-digit barcode that is assigned to a consumer product to identify it and its manufacturer. The barcode consisted of a series of variable-width vertical bars and was created by IBM in 1973 for tracking merchandise in stores, mainly at the point of sale (POS). The use of UPC has since spread to other countries, such as the UK, Canada, Australia, etc. The UPC allows manufacturers and retailers to keep track of their inventory by scanning the codes on their products. It helps them avoid overstocking or understocking items, leading to lost sales and unhappy customers. The UPC was initially intended for use in the grocery supply chain; the standard has been adopted in many industries, including healthcare, manufacturing, and even government. The UPC standard is flexible enough to accommodate different business needs, which is why it has become so widely adopted. Did you know that there's a little more to that barcode than just a string of numbers? It's true! The Universal Product Code is a unique number assigned to a specific product. The first six digits of the UPC are the manufacturer identification number, which means that this number is the same for all products produced by that manufacturer. The second set of six numbers pertains to the item itself and maybe only assigned to a single thing. If a manufacturer registers more than one product, it has to pay to get a unique number for each product. UPCs are like barcodes for your products. They help you keep track of all the stuff you make so that if you want to sell all of it, it's not a huge hassle.

TechDogs

Related Terms by Surveillance

Sentiment Analysis

Sentiment analysis is a lot like having the ability to discern minds, except it's done with computers. Opinion mining is a data mining subfield that utilizes unstructured text analysis to gauge consumer sentiment toward a brand, individual, or concept. Sentiment analysis is a technique for gleaning emotional data from online sources using NLP, computational linguistics, and text analysis. Social media sites and other online forums where users post their thoughts and observations on various subjects are familiar places to find this data. Sentiment analysis uses complex algorithms and machine learning methods to identify a person's opinion's positive, negative, or neutral nature. As a bonus, it can determine whether the text is joyful, sad, angry, or anxious, as well as other emotions. The results of this analysis can be used to calculate the extent to which the public approves or disapproves of various brands, individuals, and concepts. Knowing the thoughts and preferences of customers can be invaluable to companies and organizations. A business may employ mood analysis to monitor customer feedback via social media and use the results to improve its offerings. The material's polarity in its context can also be revealed through sentiment analysis. It can tell you how people feel about a subject or entity and what it is about that subject or entity that people like or dislike. Sentiment analysis can show, for instance, that consumers have a generally positive attitude toward a given brand but a negative attitude toward its customer service. To sum up, sentiment analysis is a subfield of data mining that assesses consumer reaction to a brand, individual, or concept by examining written language. It's like having the ability to read thoughts, only this time, and it's accomplished through complex mathematical formulas stored in a computer. Sentiment analysis, or opinion mining, is a method for gleaning and analyzing biased data from online sources, such as social media and blogs. Data analysis can reveal the contextual polarity of information and provide quantitative estimates of the public's feelings or responses to specific goods, people, or ideas.

...See More

Self-Provisioning

If you're like most people, you're always looking for ways to get out of work. So when we heard about self-provisioning—the ability to set up services and applications by yourself without the help of a dedicated IT specialist or service provider—we were all over it. It's like having your server, except that instead of having to buy your server, pay for its maintenance, and hire an IT person to manage it when things go wrong, you sign up with a cloud provider who has already done everything for you. Moreover, they'll even let you use their servers for free! So if you have ever wanted to launch your website but didn't want to take on the burden of managing it yourself, or if you've been dreaming of starting an online business but didn't want to spend all that money on servers and software licenses well, now's your chance! Self-provisioning is excellent, but the self-de-provisioning part is even more significant. Provisioning is like getting a massage—you know what you want and are in charge of getting it. Deprovisioning is like getting a haircut—it's a little more complicated than telling someone what to do. It requires much attention to detail and technical skill to ensure you're not cutting off any substantial parts of yourself in your zeal to be smooth and sleek. We don't want you to be soft and elegant! We want you to be well-groomed! So here are some tips for taking care of yourself by taking care of your resources. Always deprovision after using a resource so that others can use it when they need it later. Only do something once you've found another that does what that other one did for you (and then de-provision the old one).

...See More

Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA)

Secure Hash Algorithm is a set of algorithms developed by the National Institutes of Standards and Technology and other government and private parties. Cryptographic hashes (or checksums) have been used for electronic signatures and file integrity for decades. However, these functions have evolved to address some of the cybersecurity challenges of the 21st century. The NIST has developed a set of secure hashing algorithms that act as a global framework for encryption and data management systems. The initial instance of the Secure hash Algorithm (SHA) was in 1993. It was a 16-bit hashing algorithm and is known as SHA-0. The successor to SHA-0, SHA-1, was released in 1995 and featured 32-bit hashing. Eventually, the next version of SHA was developed in 2002, and it is known as SHA-2. SHA-2 differs from its predecessors because it can generate hashes of different sizes. The whole family of secure hash algorithms goes by the name SHA. SHA-3, or Keccak or KECCAK, is a family of cryptographic hash functions designed by Guido Bertoni, Joan Daemen, Michaël Peeters, and Gilles Van Assche. SHA-3 competition to develop a new secure hash algorithm was held by the United States National Security Agency (NSA) in 2007. To be a super safe and fast hashing algorithm, SHA3 was developed from this contest. The evolution of cybersecurity has led to the development of several "secure hash algorithms." Security is a crucial concern for businesses and individuals in today's digital world. As a result, many types of encryption have been developed to protect data in various scenarios. One of these is hash algorithms. All secure hash algorithms are part of new encryption standards to keep sensitive data safe and prevent different types of attacks. These algorithms use advanced mathematical formulas so that anyone who tries to decode them will get an error message that they aren't expected in regular operation.

...See More
  • Dark
  • Light