Internet Of Things: Decoded!
It might sound like a far-fetched dream but it will soon turn into reality (maybe not in this dramatic way!) and credit goes to the Internet of Things (IoT). It is a technology that enables everyday objects to connect, interact and exchange data. IoT is also a rather comprehensive technology that observes these things from afar with cameras, sensors and monitors; IoT brings them into the digital world so “things” such as computers and other devices can directly communicate. Now that sounds like some pretty exciting stuff!
If it does, then we bet there's a lot prettier stuff coming your way in this article; grab a chilled coffee and get on board to decode all about IoT!
The Internet of Things (or IoT for short) is a network of machines that can communicate with one another. These devices can be anything - from appliances to cars to vending machines, as long as they are connected to the Internet and can send and receive data. Does that sound too technical? Let's make it easier for you!
Think of an IoT device as Mrs. Potts, the housekeeper from Beauty and the Beast, who turned into an enchanted teapot. She was not only super adorable and chatty but also a great advisor to Bella (the female lead in Beauty and the Beast). Besides being intelligent, level-headed and self-righteous, the fantastical teapot was the most reliable member of the Beast's staff. IoT devices are similar in reali-tea; intelligent machines with sensor network, connected directly to the Internet so that they can transform and analyze data.
The idea behind IoT is pretty simple: creating a network where these devices can talk to each other and share information. For instance, look at the automated home lighting or doors that you can lock and unlock with just a swipe of your phone or a wearable device, giving out information about your health. Now let's head to the next section and decode IoT in detail.
What Is The Internet of Things (IoT)?
When you think of the Internet of Things (IoT), it seems like everything is becoming connected. Smart home connected cars and even smart cities are all examples of how we can connect more devices to the Internet. The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to a network of smart devices communicating with one another over the Internet. Anything from your refrigerator to your car can be considered an IoT device. So, what does this mean for the future? Will we have self-driving cars that alert us when they need service, or will our refrigerators notify us when we're running low on ketchup?
Let's leave that mystery to the future; for now, let's define IoT as technology that uses sensors. These sensors/ smart devices monitor location, temperature, humidity, acceleration, light level, noise level, proximity, barometric pressure, or water presence. Any device that satisfies these requirements is considered an IoT device. These days IoT is used for a variety of different purposes and has come oolong way since its emergence. Let's find out how!
Evolution Of The Internet of Things
You cannot spell the Internet of Things without the Internet, so let's begin with tracing the emergence of the Internet and World Wide Web. It all started in 1989 when Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web 1989 and with that, the Internet became commonplace. Thank you, Sir Tim! Moving ahead in 1990, John Romkey developed a toaster that was wired to the computer. That toaster is considered the first child of the Internet of Things. Let's raise a toast for that toaster from the past for bringing butter today!
Later, in 1993, the Trojan Room Coffee was designed in the University of Cambridge computer laboratory. An image of the pot's interior was uploaded to the server thrice every minute. Once the browser began displaying images, these images could be viewed online. Now that's quite a latte interesting, right?
The term Internet of Things was not coined until the era of 1999. Just then, Kevin Ashton (current Executive Director of the Auto-Labs) introduced the term “Internet of Things” as a title of a presentation he made at Procter and Gamble. Somewhere around 2003, IoT became the spotlight when publications like The Guardian, Scientific American and the Boston Globe mentioned it.
Now let's find out exac-tea-ly how IoT works for organizations.
Working Of Internet of Things
To understand how IoT works, let’s break it down and analyze each component:
The initial step in IoT is establishing the sensors and actuators in the physical or the actual environment for collecting and capturing data from the devices and systems. Sensors collect data from the environment and turn it into meaningful data for further use.
The next important step is sending that data to the cloud. This is done by connecting sensors to the cloud through variety of methods such as cellular, satellite, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and so on.
Once the data is transferred to the cloud, software processes the data. This could be as simple as checking whether the temperature reading is within an acceptable range.
Now it’s time for transferring the information to the end-user. This could be in the form of email, SMS or notification. A user might have interface that helps them proactively check in on the system.
Now let's head to the next section and explore the tea-rrific benefits of IoT.
Learn About The Benefits Of The Internet of Things!
Here's how IoT is benefi-tea-ng industries and organizations.
IoT enables businesses to cut costs and streamline processes by digitizing manual tasks and eliminating intermediaries. It also allows companies to collect data from sensors on their machines or suppliers that can be analyzed to optimize operations and reduce waste.
Enterprise IoT solutions are used to monitor processes, devices and supply chains, analyzing data in real-time to make informed decisions while reducing operating costs. IoT solutions can be deployed in the manufacturing industry to increase efficiency by monitoring and streamlining production processes.
Automated scheduling and monitoring with the help of interconnected sensors enables higher efficiency of resources used. Besides, as IoT devices interact and communicate with each other and automate a lot of tasks, they minimize the human effort.
Another notable benefit of IoT is robust security. Now that enterprises have top notch monitoring devices, surveillance cameras, motion sensors and so on, it has become easier to ensure enterprise security and prevent thefts.
IoT equips enterprises with flawless data collection. It assists them to gather a vast repository of user-specific data that can be further used for developing business strategies, devising target advertising and other marketing activities.
IoT also takes care of improving customer service and experiences. It facilitates better follow-ups after sales such as automatic tracking and reminding the customers about the maintenance or servicing of the products purchased.
All said and done, that’s all the past and present of Internet of Things. Now it's time to seek insights into its future! You ready?
Future Of IoT
Statista 2022 states that major industrial areas such as electricity, gas, steam & A/C, water supply, waste management, retail and government have more than 100 million connected IoT devices. These figures are estimated to cross the mark of 8 billion by 2030. Stupendous growth there, right?
With this growth, the era of AIoT is all set to knock on our doors! Yes, you read it right, Artificial Intelligence and IoT (AIoT) will merge and create AIoT – a smart, connected network of devices that will seamlessly communicate over 5G networks, unleashing the power of data better and faster than ever. Besides, AI will enhance how much information IoT devices can process.
Besides, IoT will reshape the health care industry. Be it at-home patient care, medical transportation or pharmaceutical access, IoT will assist health care professionals with more direct care. It will also make health care facilities more prevalent by reducing cost and driving better customer experiences. The next wave of 5G will help organizations digitize with more mobility, flexibility, reliability and security. Apart from that, 5G will offer enterprises that use IoT devices with best of both worlds – high bandwidth and low latency. We cannot wait for the future of IoT – can you?
Let's Call It A Wrap!
Thanks to the wide adoption of smart sensors and advancements in artificial intelligence (AI), it's now possible for everyday objects to connect using wireless networks. These new Internet-enabled devices are often called "smart" or "connected" gadgets. The Internet of Things has undeniably changed our lives forever. Everything around you is getting smarter and more connected than ever before, from your home thermostat to your office desk monitor to your coffee machine! The world is moving towards a brighter and more interconnected tomorrow, with businesses integrating IoT devices in their products, services and daily processes. Are you planning to do the same?
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